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Table 1 Selected demographics of study subjects.

From: Tobacco use induces anti-apoptotic, proliferative patterns of gene expression in circulating leukocytes of Caucasian males

   Low Cotinine High Cotinine
Number of subjects   38 24
Mean Age ± SD   47 ± 9 46 ± 5
COPD   2 (5.3%) 4 (16.7%)
Diagnosis of Diabetes (Number (% of total)) *Any 13 (34%) 2 (8.3%)
  Type 1 2 (5%) 1 (4%)
  Type 2 11 (29%) 1 (4%)
CAD Family History   20 (53%) 15 (63%)
Hyperlipidemia   24 (63%) 16 (67%)
Automated Differential Blood Count White Blood Cells (× 109 /L ± SD) 8.42 ± 2.67 9.00 ± 2.41
  Neutrophils (× 109 /L ± SD) 5.67 ± 2.18 5.76 ± 1.94
  Lymphocytes (× 109 /L ± SD) 1.90 ± 0.68 2.31 ± 0.74
  Monocytes (× 109 /L ± SD) 0.42 ± 0.18 0.46 ± 0.21
  Basophils (× 109 /L ± SD) 0.06 ± 0.04 0.06 ± 0.04
  Eosinophils (× 109 /L ± SD) 0.22 ± 0.18 0.26 ± 0.14
  Platelets (× 109/L ± SD) 252.42 ± 73.97 250.67 ± 56.06
  1. CAD = Coronary Artery Disease, SD = Standard Deviation, L = liter, fL = femtoliter, dL = deciliter, G = gram, pG = picogram, COPD = Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. For Student's T-test, automated cell counting values were recalculated as values per gram or liter, and log2 normalized prior to determination of p-Value.
  2. * Fisher's Exact Test shows significant differences between low and high cotinine at p = 0.0315 (2-tail)