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Table 1 The summary of CO associated candidate loci

From: Pivotal role of the muscle-contraction pathway in cryptorchidism and evidence for genomic connections with cardiomyopathy pathways in RASopathies

Locus type / study approach Number of loci
DNA level
Chromosomal aberrations 32
Copy number variants (CNVs) 2
Clinical syndromes 42
Knock-out and transgenic experiments 40
Association studies 12
RNA level
Expression study 112
Protein level  
Injection of exogenous protein 1
Total 217*
  1. * Unique loci (individual locus/gene reported by multiple studies was counted only once).