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Table 2 Sleep quality measures of healthy controls and participants with chronic abdominal pain (CAP)

From: Sleep quality, BDNF genotype and gene expression in individuals with chronic abdominal pain

PSQI measures Total CAP Healthy control p-value
(n=59) (n=19) (n=-40)
Global PSQI score 4.63 ± 0.41 6.42 ± 0.80 3.78 ± 0.40 0.006*
Sleep latency 0.98 ± 0.12 1.42 ± 0.21 0.78 ± 0.14 0.014*
Sleep disturbances 1.10 ± 0.07 1.32 ± 0.13 1.00 ± 0.07 0.046*
Daytime dysfunction 0.69 ± 0.10 1.16 ± 0.21 0.48 ± 0.10 0.006*
Medications to sleep 0.19 ± 0.08 0.47 ± 0.22 0.05 ± 0.05 0.077
Overall sleep quality 0.92 ± 0.09 1.11 ± 0.15 0.83 ± 0.10 0.131
Duration of sleep 0.39 ± 0.09 0.47 ± 0.18 0.35 ± 0.11 0.558
Sleep efficiency 0.36 ± 0.11 0.47 ± 0.23 0.30 ± 0.11 0.507
  1. PSQI: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.
  2. Data are reported as mean ± standard deviation; *Significant findings (p-value -0.05).