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Table 1 Frequency of extra-hepatic conditions in BA patients

From: Patient complexity and genotype-phenotype correlations in biliary atresia: a cross-sectional analysis

Category Extra-hepatic diseases N. patients Prevalence (%) Overall prevalence (%)
Allergic diseases Asthma 7 7.87 16.85
Eczema 9 10.11
Autoimmune diseases Psoriasis 2 2.25 5.62
Juvenile arthritis 1 1.12
Hashimoto thyroiditis 1 1.12
Type 1 diabetes mellitus 1 1.12
Hematological diseases G6PD 6 6.74 11.24
Alpha thalassemia trait 2 2.25
Thrombocytopenia 1 1.12
Pancytopenia 1 1.12
Neural& Psychiatric diseases ADHDa 2 2.25 7.87
Epilepsy 3 3.37
Depression 1 1.12
Mental retardation 1 1.12
Structural malformations Intestinal malrotation 1 1.12 5.62
Pulmonary atresia with VSDa 1 1.12
Temporal AVMa 1 1.12
Vesicoureteric reflux grade IV 1 1.12
Jejunal atresia 1 1.12
Metabolic diseases Hyperlipidemia 1 1.12  
Congenital hypothyroidism 1 1.12
Others Sleep apnea 3 3.37 4.49
Deviated nasal septum and hypertrophy of nasal turbinate 1 1.12
  1. a G6PD glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, VSD ventricular septal defect, AVM arteriovenous malformation