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Table 1 The demographic and clinical characteristics of diabetic patients and controls

From: Association between STAT4 gene polymorphism and type 2 diabetes risk in Chinese Han population

Characteristics Controls Cases p value
(n = 501) (n = 500)
Age, years (mean ± SD) 59.85 ± 9.34 59.87 ± 12.87 0.973
 > 60 years old 268 (53%) 240 (48%)  
 ≤ 60 years old 233 (47%) 260 (52%)  
Gender 0.960
Male 358(71%) 358(72%)  
Female 143(29%) 142(28%)  
Drinking  < 0.001
Yes 103 (21%) 109 (22%)  
No 140 (28%) 385 (77%)  
Smoking 0.085
Yes 98 (20%) 219 (44%)  
No 164 (33%) 280 (56%)  
BMI 0.062
 > 24 130 (26%) 239 (48%)  
 ≤ 24 188 (38%) 203 (41%)  
FPG (mmol/L)  < 0.001
Mean ± SD 6.05 ± 1.60 7.35 ± 3.40  
Number 386 (77%) 455 (91%)  
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.371
Mean ± SD 68.74 ± 12.87 71.20 ± 52.66  
Number 385 (77%) 485 (97%)  
ALT (IU/L) 0.133
Mean ± SD 27.66 ± 31.35 24.75 ± 25.87  
Number 385 (77%) 492 (98%)  
TBA 0.299
Mean ± SD 6.66 ± 18.22 5.70 ± 5.29  
Number 385 (77%) 421 (84%)  
Urea  < 0.001
Mean ± SD 5.42 ± 2.78 6.52 ± 3.26  
Number 384 (77%) 484 (97%)  
TC  < 0.001
Mean ± SD 4.93 ± 4.00 4.18 ± 2.01  
Number 385 (77%) 496 (99%)  
  1. SD: standard deviation;
  2. BMI: body mass index;
  3. FPG: fasting plasma glucose;
  4. ALT: alanine transaminase;
  5. TBA: total bile acids;
  6. TC: total cholesterol