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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes and healthy individuals

From: CTNNA3 genetic polymorphism may be a new genetic signal of type 2 diabetes in the Chinese Han population: a case control study

Characteristics   Cases Control P
   n = 501 n = 501  
Age (years) Mean ± SD 59.86 ± 12.86 59.60 ± 10.09 0.714
   > 60 240 (48%) 262 (52%)  
   ≤ 60 261 (52%) 239 (48%)  
Gender Male 359 (72%) 359 (72%) 0.528
  Female 142 (28%) 142 (28%)  
Course of disease  > 10 versus ≤ 10 years 194 (39%) 306 (61%)  
No retinal degeneration Yes 70 (14%)  
  No 240 (48%)  
Smoking Yes 218 (44%) 124 (25%) 0.593
  No 281 (56%) 173 (35%)  
Drinking Yes 109 (22%) 127 (25%)  < 0.0001
  No 385 (77%) 143 (29%)  
BMI (kg/m2) BMI > 24 239 (48%) 187 (37%) 0.089
  BMI ≤ 24 203 (41%) 123 (25%)  
  1. Course of disease: the length of time the case has suffered from T2D (participants are divided by the average of the length of time)
  2. BMI, Body mass index