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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the studied women

From: Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms with insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity, and diabetes in women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus

Variable All women Women with postpartum diabetes Women without postpartum diabetes p value#
Number of women 374 57 317  
Ethnicity [European/non-European/unknown] (N) 286/77/11 29/26/2 257/51/9  
Maternal age (years) 32.87 (4.82) 34.61 (4.76) 32.56 (4.77) 0.003
BMI (kg/m2) 25.24 (5.22) 30.48 (6.15) 24.29 (4.43)  < 0.0001
HOMA-IR* 0.68 (3.72) 2.56 (3.32) 0.34 (3.70)  < 0.0001
Disposition index* 8.09 (14.45) 3.00 (6.62) 9.00 (15.27) 0.0038
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)* 5.23 (1.97) 6.32 (1.29) 5.03 (2.02)  < 0.0001
30 min plasma glucose (mmol/L)* 7.98 (3.11) 9.19 (3.87) 7.76 (2.91) 0.0013
120 min plasma glucose (mmol/L)* 6.56 (2.87) 9.17 (2.86) 6.09 (2.62)  < 0.0001
  1. N = number. * Data from OGTT performed at 1–2 years postpartum. Data are presented as mean ± SD. Differences in means were tested using Student's t-test. # p value for differences between women with postpartum diabetes and women without postpartum diabetes