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Prognostics and diagnostics/biomarkers

This section considers studies on the use of genomic markers to diagnose, classify, or predict the risk or prognosis of human disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    In children with sensory processing dysfunction (SPD), who do not meet criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability, the contribution of de novo pathogenic mutation in neurodevelopmen...

    Authors: Elysa Jill Marco, Anne Brandes Aitken, Vishnu Prakas Nair, Gilberto da Gente, Molly Rae Gerdes, Leyla Bologlu, Sean Thomas and Elliott H. Sherr

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:50

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There is a paucity of knowledge concerning erythrocytes in the aetiology of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) despite their potential to contribute to disease through impaired antioxidant capacity and altered haemorheol...

    Authors: Kira Groen, Vicki E. Maltby, Rodney A. Lea, Katherine A. Sanders, J. Lynn Fink, Rodney J. Scott, Lotti Tajouri and Jeannette Lechner-Scott

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:48

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Current medical practice includes the application of genomic sequencing (GS) in clinical and research settings. Despite expanded use of this technology, the process of disclosure of genomic results to patients...

    Authors: Julia Wynn, Katie Lewis, Laura M. Amendola, Barbara A. Bernhardt, Sawona Biswas, Manasi Joshi, Carmit McMullen and Sarah Scollon

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:45

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline mutations in the folliculin gene (FLCN). Nearly 150 pathogenic mutations have been identified in FLCN. The most frequent pattern ...

    Authors: Mitsuko Furuya, Hironori Kobayashi, Masaya Baba, Takaaki Ito, Reiko Tanaka and Yukio Nakatani

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:42

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Mouse homozygous mutants in Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway genes have been shown to cause neural tube defects (NTDs) through the disruption of normal morphogenetic processes critical to neural tube clo...

    Authors: Zhongzhong Chen, Yunping Lei, Xuanye Cao, Yufang Zheng, Fang Wang, Yihua Bao, Rui Peng, Richard H. Finnell, Ting Zhang and Hongyan Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:38

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Lipid storage myopathy (LSM) is a diverse group of lipid metabolic disorders with great variations in the clinical phenotype and age of onset. Classical multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is kno...

    Authors: Liuh Ling Goh, Yingshan Lee, Ee Shien Tan, James Soon Chuan Lim, Chia Wei Lim and Rinkoo Dalan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:37

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Ritodrine is a commonly used tocolytic to prevent preterm labour. However, it can cause unexpected serious adverse reactions, such as pulmonary oedema, pulmonary congestion, and tachycardia. It is unknown whet...

    Authors: Heewon Seo, Eun Jin Kwon, Young-Ah You, Yoomi Park, Byung Joo Min, Kyunghun Yoo, Han-Sung Hwang, Ju Han Kim and Young Ju Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:4

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease and its sequelae are major causes of global mortality, and better methods are needed to identify patients at risk for future cardiovascular events. Gene expression analysis can inform on...

    Authors: James A. Wingrove, Karen Fitch, Brian Rhees, Steven Rosenberg and Deepak Voora

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:1

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Sessile serrated adenomas/polyps are distinguished from hyperplastic colonic polyps subjectively by their endoscopic appearance and histological morphology. However, hyperplastic and sessile serrated polyps ca...

    Authors: Yasir Rahmatallah, Magomed Khaidakov, Keith K. Lai, Hannah E. Goyne, Laura W. Lamps, Curt H. Hagedorn and Galina Glazko

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:81

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Inhibition of the PD-L1/PD-1 immune checkpoint axis represents one of the most promising approaches of immunotherapy for various cancer types. However, immune checkpoint inhibition is successful only in subpop...

    Authors: Jan Budczies, Carsten Denkert, Balázs Győrffy, Peter Schirmacher and Albrecht Stenzinger

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:74

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  11. Content type: Research article

    PD is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder commonly treated by levodopa. The findings from genetic studies on adverse effects (ADRs) and levodopa efficacy are mostly inconclusive. Here, we aim to identify ...

    Authors: Debleena Guin, Manish Kumar Mishra, Puneet Talwar, Chitra Rawat, Suman S. Kushwaha, Shrikant Kukreti and Ritushree Kukreti

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:56

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  12. Content type: Technical advance

    Formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor samples are a major source of DNA from patients in cancer research. However, FFPE is a challenging material to work with due to macromolecular fragmentation and nu...

    Authors: Jackie L. Ludgate, James Wright, Peter A. Stockwell, Ian M. Morison, Michael R. Eccles and Aniruddha Chatterjee

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:54

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) poses an urgent challenge for cancer precision medicine because it can cause drug resistance against cancer target therapy and immunotherapy. The search for trunk mutations that ...

    Authors: Zhan Zhou, Shanshan Wu, Jun Lai, Yuan Shi, Chixiao Qiu, Zhe Chen, Yufeng Wang, Xun Gu, Jie Zhou and Shuqing Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:49

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  14. Content type: Technical advance

    The growing number of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) tests is transforming the routine clinical diagnosis of hereditary cancers. Identifying whether a cancer is the result of an underlying disease-causing mu...

    Authors: Donavan T. Cheng, Meera Prasad, Yvonne Chekaluk, Ryma Benayed, Justyna Sadowska, Ahmet Zehir, Aijazuddin Syed, Yan Elsa Wang, Joshua Somar, Yirong Li, Zarina Yelskaya, Donna Wong, Mark E. Robson, Kenneth Offit, Michael F. Berger, Khedoudja Nafa…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:33

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Biliary Atresia (BA) is rare and genetically complex, and the pathogenesis is elusive. The disease course is variable and can represent heterogeneity, which hinders effective disease management. Deciphering th...

    Authors: Guo Cheng, Patrick Ho-Yu Chung, Edwin Kin-Wai Chan, Man-Ting So, Pak-Chung Sham, Stacey S. Cherny, Paul Kwong-Hang Tam and Maria-Mercè Garcia-Barceló

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:22

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by mutations in the DMD gene, which codes for the dystrophin protein. While progress has been made in defining the molecular basis and pathogenesis of DMD, major gaps r...

    Authors: Larry W. Markham, Candice L. Brinkmeyer-Langford, Jonathan H. Soslow, Manisha Gupte, Douglas B. Sawyer, Joe N. Kornegay and Cristi L. Galindo

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:21

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Basal-like constitutes an important molecular subtype of breast cancer characterised by an aggressive behaviour and a limited therapy response. The outcome of patients within this subtype is, however, divergen...

    Authors: Heloisa H. Milioli, Inna Tishchenko, Carlos Riveros, Regina Berretta and Pablo Moscato

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:19

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The importance of accurate and affordable mutation calling in fixed pathology samples is becoming increasingly important as we move into the era of personalised medicine. The Affymetrix OncoScan® Array platfor...

    Authors: Henry M. Wood, Joseph M. Foster, Morag Taylor, Emma Tinkler-Hundal, Fiona S. Togneri, Paula Wojtowicz, Assa Oumie, Karen G. Spink, Fiona Brew and Philip Quirke

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:17

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The PALB2 gene encodes a protein that plays a crucial role in maintaining genomic integrity. Germline inactivating mutations in PALB2 are associated with an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer. The preval...

    Authors: Anna Kluska, Aneta Balabas, Magdalena Piatkowska, Katarzyna Czarny, Katarzyna Paczkowska, Dorota Nowakowska, Michal Mikula and Jerzy Ostrowski

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:14

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The use of genome-wide (whole genome or exome) sequencing for population-based newborn screening presents an opportunity to detect and treat or prevent many more serious early-onset health conditions than is p...

    Authors: Jan M. Friedman, Martina C. Cornel, Aaron J. Goldenberg, Karla J. Lister, Karine Sénécal and Danya F. Vears

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2017 10:9

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