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Prognostics and diagnostics/biomarkers

This section considers studies on the use of genomic markers to diagnose, classify, or predict the risk or prognosis of human disease.

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  1. The use of high-throughput analytical techniques has enabled the description of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) subtypes. The TCF3-HLF translocation is a very rare rearrangement in ALL that is associated with...

    Authors: Monika Lejman, Monika Włodarczyk, Joanna Zawitkowska and Jerzy R. Kowalczyk

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:58

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. As the sixth most common cancer worldwide, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) develops visceral metastases during the advanced stage of the disease and exhibits a low five-year survival rate. The im...

    Authors: Zhaoming Zhong, Min Hong, Xiao Chen, Yan Xi, Yuanyuan Xu, Deyu Kong, Jun Deng, Yun Li, Rui Hu, Chuanzheng Sun and Jin Liang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:57

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The established role miRNA-mRNA regulation of gene expression has in oncogenesis highlights the importance of integrating miRNA with downstream mRNA targets. These findings call for investigations aimed at ide...

    Authors: Rency S. Varghese, Yuan Zhou, Megan Barefoot, Yifan Chen, Cristina Di Poto, Abdalla Kara Balla, Everett Oliver, Zaki A. Sherif, Deepak Kumar, Alexander H. Kroemer, Mahlet G. Tadesse and Habtom W. Ressom

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:56

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Sepsis represents a complex disease with dysregulated inflammatory response and high mortality rate. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play regulatory roles in a variety of biological process...

    Authors: Zhenjiang Bai, Yiping Li, Yanhong Li, Jian Pan, Jian Wang and Fang Fang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:36

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Pediatric leukemias have a diverse genomic landscape associated with complex structural variants, including gene fusions, insertions and deletions, and single nucleotide variants. Routine karyotype and fluores...

    Authors: Erin L. Crowgey, Nitin Mahajan, Wing Hing Wong, Anilkumar Gopalakrishnapillai, Sonali P. Barwe, E. Anders Kolb and Todd E. Druley

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:32

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Influenza infections produce a spectrum of disease severity, ranging from a mild respiratory illness to respiratory failure and death. The host-response pathways associated with the progression to severe influ...

    Authors: Yoann Zerbib, Emily K. Jenkins, Maryam Shojaei, Adrienne F. A. Meyers, John Ho, T. Blake Ball, Yoav Keynan, Amarnath Pisipati, Aseem Kumar, Anand Kumar, Marek Nalos, Benjamin M. Tang, Klaus Schughart and Anthony McLean

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:28

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The amniotic fluid (AF) cell-free transcriptome is modulated by physiologic and pathologic processes during pregnancy. AF gene expression changes with advancing gestation reflect fetal development and organ ma...

    Authors: Adi L. Tarca, Roberto Romero, Roger Pique-Regi, Percy Pacora, Bogdan Done, Marian Kacerovsky, Gaurav Bhatti, Sunil Jaiman, Sonia S. Hassan, Chaur-Dong Hsu and Nardhy Gomez-Lopez

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:25

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In 2013, our laboratory designed a targeted sequencing panel, “LipidSeq”, to study the genetic determinants of dyslipidemia and metabolic disorders. Over the last 6 years, we have analyzed 3262 patient samples...

    Authors: Jacqueline S. Dron, Jian Wang, Adam D. McIntyre, Michael A. Iacocca, John F. Robinson, Matthew R. Ban, Henian Cao and Robert A. Hegele

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:23

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The most common histological subtypes of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and adenocarcinoma (EAC). It has been demonstrated that non-marginal differences in gene expression and somatic alt...

    Authors: Suyan Tian, Chi Wang, Jing Zhang and Dan Yu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:18

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is becoming an increasingly important tool for detecting genomic variation. Blood derived DNA is the current standard for WGS for research or clinical purposes but may not always ...

    Authors: Roderick A. Yao, Oyediran Akinrinade, Marie Chaix and Seema Mital

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:11

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) are a family of antiapoptotic proteins modulating cell cycle, signal transduction and apoptosis. Dysregulated IAPs have been reported to contribute to tumor progression ...

    Authors: Jianfeng Liang, Wanni Zhao, Pan Tong, Ping Li, Yuanli Zhao, Hua Li and Jun Liang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:7

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) is a common kidney disease. Despite many evidences support that many immune and inflammation-related genes could serve as effective biomarkers and treatment targets for MGN ...

    Authors: Chengwei Zhang, Lei Leng, Zhaozheng Li, Yao Zhao and Jundong Jiao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:5

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Dysregulation of alternative splicing (AS) is a critical signature of cancer. However, the regulatory mechanisms of cancer-specific AS events, especially the impact of DNA methylation, are poorly understood.

    Authors: Xiaohui Sun, Yiping Tian, Jianming Wang, Zeyuan Sun and Yimin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:4

    Content type: Research article

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  14. MiR-182-5p, a cancer-related microRNA (miRNA), modulates tumorigenesis and patient outcomes in various human malignances. This study interroted the clinicopathological significance and molecular mechanisms of ...

    Authors: Li Gao, Shi-bai Yan, Jie Yang, Jin-liang Kong, Ke Shi, Fu-chao Ma, Lin-zhen Huang, Jie Luo, Shu-ya Yin, Rong-quan He, Xiao-hua Hu and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2020 13:3

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a common soft-tissue malignancy in pediatrics, presents high invasiveness and mortality. However, besides known changes in the PAX3/7-FOXO1 fusion gene in alveolar RMS, the molecular me...

    Authors: Qianru Li, Liang Zhang, Jinfang Jiang, Yangyang Zhang, Xiaomeng Wang, Qiaochu Zhang, Yang Wang, Chunxia Liu and Feng Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:198

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues for RNA-seq have advantages over fresh frozen tissue including abundance and availability, connection to rich clinical data, and association with patient outcom...

    Authors: Nathan D. Pennock, Sonali Jindal, Wesley Horton, Duanchen Sun, Jayasri Narasimhan, Lucia Carbone, Suzanne S. Fei, Robert Searles, Christina A. Harrington, Julja Burchard, Sheila Weinmann, Pepper Schedin and Zheng Xia

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:195

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) have revealed a new mechanism of interaction between RNAs. However, an understanding of the ceRNA regulatory network in Wilms tumour (WT) remains limited.

    Authors: Fucai Tang, Zechao Lu, Jiamin Wang, Zhibiao Li, Weijia Wu, Haifeng Duan and Zhaohui He

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:194

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor found in children. The frequent gain/loss of many chromosome bands in tumor cells and absence of mutations found at diagnosis suggests that NB is ...

    Authors: Chao Qin, Xiaoyan He, Yanding Zhao, Chun-Yip Tong, Kenneth Y. Zhu, Yongqi Sun and Chao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:192

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Assess process, uptake, validity and resource needs for return of actionable research findings to biobank participants.

    Authors: Tanya Papaz, Eriskay Liston, Laura Zahavich, Dimitri J. Stavropoulos, Rebekah K. Jobling, Raymond H. Kim, Miriam Reuter, Anastasia Miron, Erwin Oechslin, Tapas Mondal, Lynn Bergin, John F. Smythe, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Jane Lougheed, Roderick Yao, Oyediran Akinrinade…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:173

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Previously developed classifications of glioma have provided enormous advantages for the diagnosis and treatment of glioma. Although the role of alternative splicing (AS) in cancer, especially in glioma, has b...

    Authors: Yaomin Li, Zhonglu Ren, Yuping Peng, Kaishu Li, Xiran Wang, Guanglong Huang, Songtao Qi and Yawei Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:165

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Progestin is effective to promote endometrial cancer (EC) cells apoptosis, however, continuous progestin administration causes low level of progestin receptor B (PRB), further resulting in progestin resistance...

    Authors: Wenjiao Cao, Wuyuan Gao, Panchan Zheng, Xiao Sun and Lihua Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:163

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer can benefit from anti-EGFR therapy, such as cetuximab and panitumumab. However, colorectal cancers harboring constitutive activating mutations in KRAS, NRAS and BRAF gen...

    Authors: Yuki Nagakubo, Yosuke Hirotsu, Kenji Amemiya, Toshio Oyama, Hitoshi Mochizuki and Masao Omata

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:162

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic defects (PGT-M) has been available in clinical practice. This study aimed to validate the applicability of targeted capture sequencing in developing personalized P...

    Authors: Haining Luo, Chao Chen, Yun Yang, Yinfeng Zhang, Yuan Yuan, Wanyang Wang, Renhua Wu, Zhiyu Peng, Ying Han, Lu Jiang, Ruqiang Yao, Xiaoying An, Weiwei Zhang, Yanqun Le, Jiale Xiang, Na Yi…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:157

    Content type: Research article

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  24. During human pregnancy, placental trophectoderm cells release extracellular vesicles (EVs) into maternal circulation. Trophoblasts also give rise to cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in maternal blood, and has been used f...

    Authors: Weiting Zhang, Sen Lu, Dandan Pu, Haiping Zhang, Lin Yang, Peng Zeng, Fengxia Su, Zhichao Chen, Mei Guo, Ying Gu, Yanmei Luo, Huamei Hu, Yanping Lu, Fang Chen and Ya Gao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:151

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Known collectively as breast fibroepithelial lesions (FELs), the common fibroadenomas (FAs) and the rarer phyllodes tumors (PTs) are a heterogenous group of biphasic neoplasms. Owing to limited tissue availabi...

    Authors: Yirong Sim, Gwendolene Xin Pei Ng, Cedric Chuan Young Ng, Vikneswari Rajasegaran, Suet Far Wong, Wei Liu, Peiyong Guan, Sanjanaa Nagarajan, Wai Yee Ng, Aye Aye Thike, Jeffrey Chun Tatt Lim, Nur Diyana Binte Md Nasir, Veronique Kiak Mien Tan, Preetha Madhukumar, Wei Sean Yong, Chow Yin Wong…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:142

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Unprecedented durable responses are identified in clinical studies to target the signaling of programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) as well as its ligand (PD-L1) in patients with squamous-cell non-small cell ...

    Authors: Cheng Fang, Chu Zhang, Wei-Qing Zhao, Wen-Wei Hu, Jun Wu and Mei Ji

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:136

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in a wide range of biological processes in tumorigenesis. However, the role of lncRNA expression in the biology, prognosis, and molecular classification of human mult...

    Authors: Minqiu Lu, Ying Hu, Yin Wu, Huixing Zhou, Yuan Jian, Ying Tian and Wenming Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:135

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Non-coding RNA has been shown to participate in numerous biological and pathological processes and has attracted increasing attention in recent years. Recent studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNA ...

    Authors: Jiangquan Liao, Jie Wang, Yongmei Liu, Jun Li and Lian Duan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:124

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Incidental and secondary findings (IFs and SFs) are subject to ongoing discussion as potential consequences of clinical exome sequencing (ES). International policy documents vary on the reporting of these find...

    Authors: Marlies Saelaert, Heidi Mertes, Tania Moerenhout, Elfride De Baere and Ignaas Devisch

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:123

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide. Recent evidence suggests that genetic factors are related to the pathogenesis of IgAN. We conducted a genome-wide as...

    Authors: Kyung Hwan Jeong, Jin Sug Kim, Yu Ho Lee, Yang Gyun Kim, Ju-Young Moon, Su Kang Kim, Sun Woo Kang, Tae Hee Kim, Sang Ho Lee and Yeong Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:122

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Chromosomal microarray analysis has been shown to be a valuable and cost effective assay for elucidating copy number variants (CNVs) in children with intellectual disability and developmental delay (ID/DD).

    Authors: Marketa Wayhelova, Jan Smetana, Vladimira Vallova, Eva Hladilkova, Hana Filkova, Marta Hanakova, Marcela Vilemova, Petra Nikolova, Barbora Gromesova, Renata Gaillyova and Petr Kuglik

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:111

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Copy Number variation (CNVs) in genes related to drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) are relevant in the interindividual variability of drug response. Studies of the CNVs in ADME gen...

    Authors: Brian Ramírez, María José Niño-Orrego, Daniel Cárdenas, Kevin Enrique Ariza, Karol Quintero, Nora Constanza Contreras Bravo, Caroll Tamayo-Agudelo, María Alejandra González, Paul Laissue and Dora Janeth Fonseca Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:110

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome (NCBRS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by pathogenic sequence variants in SMARCA2 which encodes the catalytic component of the chromatin remodeling BAF complex. Pathogenic v...

    Authors: Eric Chater-Diehl, Resham Ejaz, Cheryl Cytrynbaum, Michelle T. Siu, Andrei Turinsky, Sanaa Choufani, Sarah J. Goodman, Omar Abdul-Rahman, Melanie Bedford, Naghmeh Dorrani, Kendra Engleman, Josue Flores-Daboub, David Genevieve, Roberto Mendoza-Londono, Wendy Meschino, Laurence Perrin…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:105

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Different pathogenic germline mutations in the RET oncogene are identified in MEN 2, a hereditary syndrome characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and other endocrine tumors. Although genetic predispos...

    Authors: Larissa V. Bim, Fábio C. P. Navarro, Flávia O. F. Valente, José V. Lima-Junior, Rosana Delcelo, Magnus R. Dias-da-Silva, Rui M. B. Maciel, Pedro A. F. Galante and Janete M. Cerutti

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:104

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Cleft palate (CP) is the second most common congenital birth defect; however, the relationship between CP-associated genes and epigenetic regulation remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the ...

    Authors: Akiko Suzuki, Aimin Li, Mona Gajera, Nada Abdallah, Musi Zhang, Zhongming Zhao and Junichi Iwata

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:93

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease with marked molecular heterogeneity and a high early death rate. Our aim was to investigate an integrated Gene expression, Mirna and miRNA-mRNA Interactions (GMI) sign...

    Authors: Mingguang Shi and Guofu Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:90

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) enables rapid identification of common and rare genetic variation. The detection of variants contributing to therapeutic drug response or adverse effects is essential ...

    Authors: Markus Gulilat, Tyler Lamb, Wendy A. Teft, Jian Wang, Jacqueline S. Dron, John F. Robinson, Rommel G. Tirona, Robert A. Hegele, Richard B. Kim and Ute I. Schwarz

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:81

    Content type: Technical advance

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  38. Presently, a 50-gene expression model (PAM50) serves as a breast cancer (BC) subtype classifier that is insufficient to distinguish, within each single PAM50-classified subtype, patient subpopulations having d...

    Authors: J. Astor Ankney, Ling Xie, John A. Wrobel, Li Wang and Xian Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:78

    Content type: Technical advance

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  39. Obesity has been associated with gene methylation regulation. Recent studies have shown that epigenetic signature plays a role in metabolic homeostasis after Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB). To conduct a genom...

    Authors: C. F. Nicoletti, M. A. S. Pinhel, A. Diaz-Lagares, F. F. Casanueva, A. Jácome, V. C. Pinhanelli, B. A. P. de Oliveira, A. B. Crujeiras and C. B. Nonino

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:72

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The etiology of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P), a common congenital birth defect, is complex and involves the contribution of genetic and environmental factors. Although many candidate genes hav...

    Authors: Mona Gajera, Neha Desai, Akiko Suzuki, Aimin Li, Musi Zhang, Goo Jun, Peilin Jia, Zhongming Zhao and Junichi Iwata

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:70

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pancreatic and biliary tract cancer (PC and BTC, respectively) are difficult to diagnose because of their clinical characteristics; however, recent studies suggest that serum microRNAs (miRNAs) might be the ke...

    Authors: Kwondo Kim, DongAhn Yoo, Hee Seung Lee, Kyong Joo Lee, Soo Been Park, Chanyang Kim, Jung Hyun Jo, Dawoon E. Jung and Si Young Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:62

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To explore long-non-coding RNA (lncRNA), microRNA (miRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression profiles and their biological functions in the urine samples in calcium oxalate (CaOx) patients.

    Authors: Xiongfa Liang, Yongchang Lai, Weizhou Wu, Dong Chen, Fangling Zhong, Jian Huang, Tao Zeng, Xiaolu Duan, Yapeng Huang, Shike Zhang, Shujue Li and Wenqi Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:57

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The onset of acute Graft-versus-Host Disease (aGvHD) has been correlated with the gut microbiota (GM) composition, but experimental observations are still few, mainly involving cohorts of adult patients. In th...

    Authors: Elena Biagi, Daniele Zama, Simone Rampelli, Silvia Turroni, Patrizia Brigidi, Clarissa Consolandi, Marco Severgnini, Eleonora Picotti, Pietro Gasperini, Pietro Merli, Nunzia Decembrino, Marco Zecca, Simone Cesaro, Maura Faraci, Arcangelo Prete, Franco Locatelli…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:49

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR/HER1) can be activated by several ligands including Transforming Growth Factor alpha (TGF-α) and Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF). Following ligand binding, EGFR h...

    Authors: Miguel Nava, Pranabananda Dutta, Nathan R. Zemke, Robin Farias-Eisner, Jaydutt V. Vadgama and Yanyuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:32

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Exosomes are a subset of extracellular vesicles 30–200 nm in diameter secreted from cells, which contain functional mRNAs and microRNAs. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the primary source for liquid biopsy to exa...

    Authors: Kentaro Otake, Hidenori Kamiguchi and Yoshihiko Hirozane

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:7

    Content type: Technical advance

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  46. We assessed the stability of BAFF, interferon, plasma cell and LDG neutrophil gene expression signatures over time, and whether changes in expression coincided with changes in SLE disease activity.

    Authors: Michelle Petri, Wei Fu, Ann Ranger, Norm Allaire, Patrick Cullen, Laurence S. Magder and Yuji Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2019 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  47. There is a clear need for assays that can predict the risk of metastatic prostate cancer following curative procedures. Importantly these assays must be analytically robust in order to provide quality data for...

    Authors: Paul Wallace Medlow, Christopher James Steele, Andrena Marie McCavigan, Wesley Reardon, Christopher Michael Brown, Shauna May Lambe, Felipe Augusto Andre Ishiy, Steven Michael Walker, Gemma Elizabeth Logan, Olaide Yaqeen Raji, Viktor Berge, Betina Katz, Elaine Williamson Kay, Katherine Sheehan, Ronald William Watson, Denis Paul Harkin…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:125

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The etiology of more than half of all patients with X-linked intellectual disability remains elusive, despite array-based comparative genomic hybridization, whole exome or genome sequencing. Since short read m...

    Authors: Alena Zablotskaya, Hilde Van Esch, Kevin J. Verstrepen, Guy Froyen and Joris R. Vermeesch

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:123

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Chromosome translocations are a hallmark of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). Additional genomic aberrations are also crucial in both BCP-ALL leukemogenesis and treatment management. Her...

    Authors: Thayana Conceição Barbosa, Bruno Almeida Lopes, Caroline Barbieri Blunck, Marcela Braga Mansur, Adriana Vanessa Santini Deyl, Mariana Emerenciano and Maria S. Pombo-de-Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Medical Genomics 2018 11:122

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: