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Table 1 Urinary organic acids profile analysis performed by Gas chromatography – mass spectroscopy

From: A case report of a mild form of multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency due to compound heterozygous mutations in the ETFA gene

 Urinary concentrations in the patient (mmol/mol of creatinine)Control Range
Adipic acid1004.2 ↑↑↑<  4.7
Suberic acid131.8 ↑↑<  1.9
Sebacic acid137.9 ↑<  9
Glutaric acid56.0 ↑↑<  2
Ethylmalonic acid65.9 ↑<  8.7
2-hydroxyglutaric acid33.5 ↑<  16.4
3-hydroxyglutaric acid12.5 ↑↑< 0.4
Hexanoylglycine20.1 ↑<  4