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Table 4 Demographic characteristics of the validation cohort

From: Comparison of DNA methylation profiles from saliva in Coeliac disease and non-coeliac disease individuals

VariableCoeliac (n = 139)Control (n = 63)p value
Age (mean ± SD years)44 ± 1540 ± 150.06
Sex  0.001
Male16 (11.5%)22 (34.9%) 
Female123 (88.5%)41 (65.1%) 
BMI (kg/m2)  0.53
18.5–24.9967 (49.3%)31 (49.2%) 
25–29.9938 (27.9%)21 (33.3%) 
  > 3031 (22.8%)11 (17.5%) 
Standard drinks per week  0.50
Zero67 (48.2%)29 (46.0%) 
1–235 (25.2%)13 (20.6%) 
3–721 (15.1%)15 (23.8%) 
8 or more16 (11.5%)6 (9.5%) 
Smoking status  0.12
Quit15 (10.8%)12 (19.0%) 
Never smoked124 (89.2%)51 (81.0%) 
Family history of CD  0.10
Yes70 (50.7%)24 (38.1%) 
No68 (49.3%)39 (61.9%) 
Asthma  0.28
Yes31 (22.3%)10 (15.9%) 
No108 (77.7%)53 (84.1%) 
Other Autoimmune Condition  0.04
Yes54 (38.8%)12 (19.0%) 
No85 (61.2%)51 (81.0%)